What is Music?
Every successful music composition follows a set of basic elements which make the composition desirable and likable to the audience.
The elements may vary greatly according to the choices and preferences that a person pursuing music may choose; a jazz player may be interested to learn how to play a trumpet while a pianist may be interested in classical music composition but all in all despite the varying facets of their fields once each of them understands their field well, each will be at a position to co-operate with each other in the production of a piece of music which not only interested the audience but is a masterpiece.
Theirs is need to learn and comprehend the music theory because song writers may have a piece of music being quiet long and complex enough as intended for a large group of musicians (either playing the music instruments or singing).
The Elements of a Music Piece
– The Staff
This is the common way to write a piece of music hence commonly known as common notation. A staff is composed of 5 horizontal lines where notes of a music composition are placed either on the horizontal lines or between two of these lines.
If a note (A, B, C, D, E, F, or G) on a staff is either too high of too low, there is usually the need to add extra ledger lines on the staff to depict the necessary changes. The staff may be divided into vertical lines called Bars.
On, above or below the staff are musical symbols which dictate how the composition should be played. Symbols on the staff usually comprise of the notes which denotes the sound of the composition and rests which depicts when to go silent. There are also other symbols like the clef, the key signature and the time signature which detail more about how the symbols on the staff are supposed to be played.
Above and below the staff are symbols which depicts the actual characteristics of the music i.e., tempos detail how fast or slow a composition should be played, dynamics details the loudness or softness of a music composition while other symbols like repeat details where to go next after playing a note and accents give directions on how particular notes are supposed to be played.
– The Clef
This is a musical symbol which appears at the beginning of every staff. The clef symbol details which note will be found on each line or space on the staff. There are two common clefs:
- Tremble Clef : This symbol depicts that the second line of the staff from the bottom will have a musical note ‘G’.
- Bass clef : This symbol depicts that the second line of the staff from the top will be a musical note ‘F’.
Although these may be some of the most basic element of music, there are other elements like time and style which need also to be learned in order to comprehend a musical composition properly and correctly.